Volcanoes in the Netherlands
Mulciber and the Zuidwal Volcano
Are there volcanoes in the Netherlands? Surprisingly there are! And they are real too! Active volcanoes can be found in the Caribbean part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. There are two: Mount Scenery on Saba and Quill on the neighboring island of St. Eustatius. But also on Dutch soil, closer to Holland, there are two real volcanoes. Fortunately, both volcanoes have been extinguished for good.
Mulciber is the fourth volcano on Dutch territory. The volcano was discovered in 2020 and was named by its discoverers after the Roman god of fire and volcanoes: Mulciber.
The volcano was accidentally discovered by the Geological Survey of the Netherlands. The volcano is located in the North Sea, 100 kilometers northwest of the Wadden island Texel.
The last eruption of Volcano Mulciber was about 150 million years ago.
The Zuidwal Volcano is hidden in the bottom of the Wadden Sea. This volcano is therefore difficult to spot. The Zuidwal Volcano is located under a two kilometer thick layer of rock under the Wadden Sea between Harlingen and the island Vlieland.
The last eruption of the Zuidwal Volcano was about 160 million years ago.
Mount Scenery is an active volcano and is located on the island of Saba in the Caribbean part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. With a height of 887 meters, the volcano is also the highest peak in the Netherlands.
The last eruption of Mount Scenery occurred around 1640.
Volcano Quill is located on St. Eustatius, also in the Caribbean part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The top of the volcano is located at an altitude of 601 meters. The last eruption was around 250 AD.
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